Not absolutely all product which was taped had been coded. As our focus had been on scripted development, we excluded day-to-day news broadcasts, game shows, sports programs and occasions, and paid development, also all types of commercials as well as other promotions ( e.g., teasers for system programs). Although music videos had been taped, these people were coded and analyzed individually for their unique faculties and they are maybe maybe maybe not reported here. The analyses introduced in this paper, nonetheless, do are the nonmusic video clip programming from cable music activity stations including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs.
In addition, suggests that had been incomplete since they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. are not coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the test.
The sample that is final the 2001 2002 period contained 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the ultimate test when it comes to 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The sample when it comes to second content analysis ended up being notably bigger than the very first 12 months's test that we had three episodes of each nonsyndicated series as we made a concerted effort in year 2 to ensure. Despite strict adherence towards the sampling plan, extra taping ended up being needed whenever, for instance, brand brand brand new shows joined the autumn lineup following the start of year to replace for cancelled programs or whenever time and time slot for a set had been changed.
The codebook for the bigger research ended up being based considerably in the factors manufactured by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) within their content analyses conducted when it comes to Kaiser Family Foundation.
We created extra products, including those on exact same intercourse behavior that is intimate sexual talk associated with nonheterosexuals. Contrary to Kunkel and peers, whom utilized the scene while the unit that is primary of, our content analyses involved coding for intimate content in 2 moment periods of system time. Because scenes differ considerably in total and, hence, usually do not offer a consistent product of measure to make evaluations across programs, we utilized a regular coding device according to time. Coding news programming in designated time periods has been latina cam utilized often by other scientists conducting analyses that are content different system genres including films, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).
For purposes of the content analysis, intercourse had been understood to be any depiction of sexual intercourse, intimately suggestive behavior, or any speak about sex or intercourse. To be conservative and prevent overcoding content that is sexual communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications regarding romance and relationships, that have been perhaps maybe perhaps not coded. As an example, a declaration such as вЂњI adore my boyfriendвЂќ wouldn't be coded whereas a declaration such as вЂњI made want to my boyfriendвЂќ could be coded.
Same intercourse behavior that is sexual
Every 2 moment interval that were coded as containing a minumum of one form of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse suggested, sexual intercourse depicted, along with other intimate behavior 2 ended up being additionally evaluated for the presence of exact same sex intimate behavior. Because of this product, programmers utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted in the period happened between two different people regarding the sex that is same.
Explore nonheterosexual issues that are sexual
Each 2 minute period that was indeed coded as containing one or more example of talk through the intimate talk groups found in the key coding task ( e.g., responses about own/others' intimate actions or passions, speak about sexual activity which includes currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) has also been coded for whether some of the intimate talk regarding nonheterosexuals. With this item, programmers once once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the talk that is sexual the intimate passions or issues of nonheterosexual individuals. Frequently, such remarks associated with gays and lesbians, although sometimes they certainly were related to bisexuals.